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Vitiligo is a disorder in which white patches of skin appear on different parts of the body. This happens because the cells that make pigment (color) in the skin are destroyed. These cells are called melanocytes. The skin loses its natural color. What causes this color loss is still a mystery. Patches of lighter skin appear. Some people develop a few patches. Others lose much more skin color. The extent and rate of color loss from vitiligo is unpredictable.
Vitiligo can also affect the mucous membranes (such as the tissue inside the mouth and nose) and the eye. A section of hair can turn white. Vitiligo affects people of all skin types, but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. There is no way to determine if vitiligo will spread or remain confined to one location. There is no known way to prevent vitiligo.
Vitiligo is sometimes associated with other medical conditions, including thyroid dysfunction. Vitiligo is not painful and does not have significant health consequences; however, it can have emotional and psychological consequences. Some medical treatments can reduce the severity of the condition, but it can be difficult to cure. Treatment for vitiligo may restore color to the affected skin. But it does not prevent a recurrence
Vitiligo isn’t contagious, so you can’t catch it from other people or pass it on. It is not life-threatening; but vitiligo can be life-altering. It does not cause any organic harm, but it has a devastating effect on social life of the patient and their family. Some people develop low self-esteem. They may no longer want to hang out with friends. They can develop serious depression.
Most people have vitiligo for life, so it’s important to develop coping strategies. A coping strategy that helps many people is to learn about vitiligo. Another helpful strategy is to connect with others who have vitiligo.
A dermatologist is the best person to guide you and help you.

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